Begoña Rojí is a professor at the Department of Personality, Assessment and Psychological Therapies (Faculty of Psychology, UNED). Her contribution to the practice of psychotherapy is reflected in her work. Her advice is aimed at psychology professionals.
In her publications, she emphasizes the importance of a therapist’s communication skills in the field of clinical psychology. He also addresses other issues, such as what phenomena professionals should consider when considering the relationship between patient and therapist.
Begoña Rojí and Raúl Cabastrero wrote Indirect Interviews and Suggestions: Communicative Training for Young Psychotherapists. This is a basic guide for professionals who want to develop essential communication skills in the practice of clinical psychology. In this article, we will look at some of the features of that book.
Therapeutic interview with Begoña Rojín
A therapeutic interview is a psychotherapy procedure. In this interview, the Therapist monitors and analyzes the patient’s behavior. Based on the information he receives, he chooses the appropriate treatment for the patient.
According to Rojí, the therapeutic interview is based on communication between the patient and the therapist. The therapist learns about the patient’s problem and the surrounding context.
For this reason, the way of communication between the therapist and the patient is very important. The techniques used by the Therapist in the interview play a key role in the therapeutic process.
Begoña Rojí and verbal intervention techniques
Verbal communication refers to messages expressed in words. The therapeutic interview is largely based on the verbal expression of both the therapist and the patient.
Begoña Rojí says that everything the Therapist says affects the therapy. For this reason, measures such as criticism, accusations, or issues of bombarding the patient have a negative impact on the whole process.
The therapist can use a variety of techniques in the interview. In this sense, Rojí distinguishes between guided and non-guided techniques. Guided techniques consist of all oral messages from the therapist that are planned in advance.
In guided techniques, the patient plays a passive role. One example of these is direct questions. This means that the Therapist asks the patient directly about his problems.
Rojí notes that non-guided techniques refer to an intervention in which the Therapist actively listens and then makes some statements. They vary depending on what the patient has said. The patient thus plays an active role in the therapy session.
One example of a non-controlled technique is reflection. The therapist takes the emotional element of the patient’s messages and turns it into a statement. For example, “you felt sad at the time,” or “this change scared you”.
Nonverbal communication can be defined as communication that is not expressed in words but in body language. This means posture, expressions and eye contact, among other things.
During a therapeutic interview, the patient’s nonverbal communication provides an important source of information about his or her feelings and thoughts. The meaning of nonverbal behavior varies from person to person and culture to culture. However, there is a general consensus on its meaning. In any case, the therapist must always analyze each patient individually to understand this situation.
Direct eye contact between the patient and the therapist indicates interest and a desire to communicate. However, stiffness in the patient’s legs and arms can be a sign of tension. Maybe he feels anxious when talking about a certain topic.
In a therapeutic relationship, not only the patient, but also the therapist’s nonverbal communication is important. The therapist must pay equal attention to the messages he himself sends to the patient. In fact, the extent to which a patient considers their therapist to be a professional greatly influences the outcome of the therapeutic process.
For this reason, too, the therapist must hold the reins somewhat in his hands and be aware of the nonverbal messages he sends.
Interaction as the most important factor
The perception of others is the primary mechanism in every interaction. In other words, when two or more people meet, the most influential factor is how each perceives the other.
For example, it’s likely that if you think someone is uncomfortable, you’re not that comfortable with him or her. On the other hand, if he feels OK, you’re probably comfortable.
For this reason, the therapist must consider how the patient interacts with him. He should also consider how he interacts with his patient. The interaction between the therapist and the patient is very important as it predicts the extent to which the treatment will be successful. In addition, it seeks to uncover all problematic elements of the interaction.
Begoña Rojí and his works
Begoña Rojí brings her own experience and professional training to the published works. In her works, she gives practical exercises and examples of her daily life as a psychotherapist.
As we have already mentioned, this article highlights some of the key aspects of Rojín’s book that he wrote in collaboration with Cabastrero. In their book, they show psychology professionals both practical and theoretical perspectives on everyday phenomena.