Brain Aneurysm

Ten thousand people may suffer from cerebral aneurysm during their lifetime. Although asymptomatic, this condition has certain risk factors that should be kept in mind.
Cerebral aneurysm

Cerebral aneurysm refers to the dilation of the walls of the cerebral artery. The most challenging part of this condition is that it has no symptoms at all. That is, little by little, without the person suffering from this noticing it, this area becomes a bang that may eventually erupt. Failure to act quickly in such a case can be fatal.

Most know someone who has been in a situation like this. There are people who, with early detection, have received help from rapid intervention. One classic example of this is embolization. People from whom this condition is detected early can continue their lives normally without consequences. Other patients, on the other hand, have to live with the consequences of a ruptured cerebral aneurysm.

Whatever the case, there is one thing that should not be forgotten. This is a condition that tends to occur most often in people aged 40-65. However, it can also affect young people and even children. Sometimes certain genetic problems or arterial deformities can lead to such dangerous changes in the arteries in the brain.  Cerebral aneurysm tends to affect women more than men.

Cerebral aneurysm close up

What is Cerebral Aneurysm?

Cerebral aneurysm is a change in a blood vessel that can occur in blood vessels or arteries in the brain. Blood circulation accumulates in the block, and this leads to dilation of the blood vessel. Eventually, this vein expands into a bang.

A study by the Department of Surgery at Oklahoma Medical University explains that  nearly 85% of all cerebral aneurysms are located in pretty much the same place. It is usually located in the right bottom of the brain. More specifically, this is in the artery of the brain.

Depending on its shape, size, and location, it is possible to distinguish three different types of cerebral aneurysms:

  • Saccharial aneurysm. Occurs in the artery wall. It is not innate, but develops over a lifetime. This is the most common type.
  • Fusiform aneurysm. These are even more difficult to detect and treat. Instead of its bubble-like shape, it tends to affect a large part of the cerebral arteries, causing a blood clot.
  • Desiccant aneurysm. This typology is less common and affects young people. It can be caused by hereditary problems, inflammation, arthritis, fibromuscular dysplasia, atherosclerosis, etc.

What are the symptoms of cerebral aneurysm?

Just as we said at the beginning of this article, it is common for a brain aneurysm to be asymptomatic. Symptoms occur if a rupture occurs here. In this case, we must act quickly. Keep the following signs in mind. They may be a sign that you have a cerebral aneurysm:

  • Sudden and severe headache. Most describe it as the worst migraine of their lives. It is strong, crippling, causes stiffness in the neck, tears in one eye, and can even cripple the other eye.
  • Vomiting and dizziness are also common.
  • Photosensitivity.
  • Coordination and business problems.
  • The problem is to think clearly.
  • Difficulty speaking (aphasia).
  • Loss of consciousness.

Diagnosis of cerebral aneurysm

Physicians have different scales to assess the severity of cerebral aneurysm. The most common of these are the  Glasgow scale  (if a person has lost consciousness) and the  Hunt and Hess scale. In the latter, the doctor assesses the following:

  • Degree of stiffness of headache and neck.
  • Insomnia and level of mental confusion.
  • Manifestation of hemiparesis (paralysis of the other side of the body or face) or lack thereof.
  • Coma, the state of the most severe or worst prognosis.

If your family has this condition, experts recommend that you take checks and diagnostic tests. The most common way to identify a brain aneurysm before it breaks out is as follows:

  • Cat scan.
  • Cerebral angiography.

There are numerous people who live their lives without knowing that they have a Brain Aneurysm. In other words, not all changes in the cerebral arteries lead to rupture. Its probability is not high, but the risk is always there.

Care

There are many things to keep in mind when treating cerebral aneurysm. The first is whether the cerebral aneurysm is already torn.

Next, its size, location, age of the patient, and whether the patient has other neurological conditions must be considered. If your doctor has detected a brain aneurysm early, treatment can work effectively. The required surgery is also not very difficult. An intravenous approach is usually sufficient. These are the most common types:

Intravenous embolization

This procedure consists of using a small catheter through the patient’s groin and monitoring the cerebral artery to the brain. There, the surgeon prevents the aneurysm.

For this surgery, the surgeon uses stents, devices that control and channel these pathologies.

Brain bypass surgery

Brain bypass surgery requires the patient to stay in the hospital for 3-5 days. For this procedure, intervention is slightly more complex than embolization. This is because it requires a small craniotomy to be performed in order to perform bypass surgery. The ultimate goal is for this procedure to regulate and reduce abnormal blood flow to this blood vessel or artery.

Surgical obstruction procedure

Finally, for the most severe cases, the doctor may choose an intervention that involves making a small incision in the skull. This means that the breakthrough time is short and that the intervention is simple. A titanium device is used here to channel and treat the aneurysm.

Whatever the situation, all of these methods are really effective, as long as the aneurysm is not torn. Unfortunately, not everyone is lucky, and for some, space is not gathered to gain control. A brain aneurysm is not always known for the reason that it is not symptomatic in any way. That’s why it’s important to keep this information in mind so you know how to act if you suffer from the signs of tearing we’ve listed.

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