Maria Montessori created a teaching method that revolutionized the field of early childhood education. The method places particular emphasis on games, which make it a perfect method for developing many skills and abilities in children. The Montessori method eventually changed the whole industry.
Many kindergartens provide an excellent example of this method. We mean voluntary training with a focus on gaming, fun and flexibility. It allows children to be spontaneous and proactive. Maria Montessor’s method also favors the independence of the youngest children. At the same time, it helps them learn the basic values of coexistence, cooperation and respect.
Currently, the Montessori method encourages the natural development of the youngest children’s skills through research, collaboration, curiosity, games, and communication .
Basic principles of the Montessori method
Today, we analyze the basic principles that guide the Montessori method. While there may be practical differences in its implementation according to teachers ’preferences, in this article we will explain its basic principles.
First, the Montessori method encourages discovery-based learning. We are all innately curious. Montessori teachers believe that children learn better if someone arouses this natural curiosity so that they want to learn more and make their own discoveries. This method takes advantage of this natural instinct that makes children ask questions and find answers.
Followers of this method also believe that the environment must be appropriate to the needs and characteristics of each child (age, culture, diagnoses such as autism, etc.). We also need to add to learning natural materials with which every child can interact and play with them. By this we mean wood, mold and other natural materials.
All games used by the teacher must have a collaborative component. The teacher should supervise, guide and coordinate these games. However, the teacher should interfere as little as possible in the learning process. They just have to try to guide students into learning.
The Montessori method seeks to change traditional education. It aims to turn lessons into dynamic and fun experiences. For this reason, the hours last about three hours without interruption.
To conclude the discussion on the principles of this method, it should also be mentioned that the Montessori method seeks to divide the categories according to age and not according to grades (the maximum age difference is three years). For example, children aged 6 to 9 are in one class together. In this way, they interact with different age groups. This is a very useful stimulus.
The Montessori method today
Fortunately, the Montessori method has survived over time. It is still used in various schools. It favors games and children’s independence as well as interaction with various elements to arouse curiosity. In short, it takes advantage of children’s natural tendency to play and have fun.
However, when we look at traditional basic education, things are different. Children spend hours paying attention to their teachers, they are rewarded for not speaking or punished for talking, and they have to pay attention for a long time at a time. Many lessons in a row. This easily leads to the end of the intrinsic motivation for learning.
The Montessori method has been used in several schools. Despite all this, it is still suspected. Is the Montessori method only for children aged 0-6? Although most schools only offer this method to this age group, the fact is that Maria Montessori designed it so that it could be used until she was 12 years old.
However, the Montessori method could also be applied at the secondary level. Although Maria Montessori did not have time to plan and develop it entirely for this age group, she left some well-established guidelines for teaching older children.
The current education system focuses a lot on grades. For this reason, students are put under a lot of pressure to complete tasks that lead to a favorable outcome. The Montessori method seeks to do the opposite. There are no exams or homework because the main goal is to learn, not to get the best grade.
Statistics tell us that post-primary education is boring students. Teaching does not motivate them, it makes them think that going to school is useless. This situation should be a clear signal that we should reconsider our teaching methods. Currently, the emphasis is on competitiveness. Grades divide students into failures and smart ones. However, the primary goal is for students to be motivated to understand the world around them.