Octopus intelligence is a very interesting topic. These beings have a wonderful mind. It is interesting to know that more than 500 of the millions of neurons in octopuses are located in their tentacles. Octopus tentacles help it feel, smell and even make decisions.
Those who work with these animals know that they can be problematic. There are many stories of escaped octopuses or octopuses trying to get into other tanks to steal food.
Some scientists believe that octopus intelligence is not a big deal and that its skills are just ecological intelligence meaning that this animal develops its strategies depending on the environment. So an octopus is just like any other animal trying to figure out how to get food.
Piero Amodio, a researcher at the University of Padua, shared a video that became viral. In this video, you can see an octopus acquiring a shell and hiding behind it. Later, the octopus will take the shell with him because he knows it might be useful in the future. It is well designed.
Features and mysteries of octopus intelligence
More than 275 million years ago, cephalopods had a hard shell. This shell was able to protect them from predators, but made it difficult to obtain food. Getting rid of the hard shell has given them the freedom to explore their surroundings, go into narrow crevices, gain strength to break shells and rocks, and hunt more closely.
However, peeling can also have disadvantages. That’s why octopuses have come up with ways to protect themselves. The intelligence of the octopus is amazing. Australian philosopher and octopus expert Peter Godfrey-Smith has studied the origins of consciousness using cephalopods.
“Other Minds: The Octopus, the Sea, and the Deep Origins of Consciousness” is an interesting book that can help you better understand octopuses and even yourself. In her book, Godfrey-Smith talks about her encounter with giant cuttlefish in Australia. This seafood was not afraid of him, came closer and was very interested in Godfrey-Smith. Delicate contact was truly a special moment for the philosopher.
Octopuses can modify their genetic code
Tel Aviv University researcher Eli Eisenberg studied the intelligence of the octopus to discover how this creature can manipulate its own genetic code.
Cephalopods absorb their nervous system in response to environmental climate change. Their bodies mix ribonuclic acid (RNA) and send new proteins to their genes to adapt to changes in the environment. Humans can do that too, but at a painfully slow pace, what is called evolution. Octopuses do so based on current needs.
The same number of neurons as in dogs
Octopuses have about 500 million neurons, the same number as dogs. The cephalopod’s nervous system goes through their tentacles, so they represent nine brains: the central brain and eight peripheral brains.
Tentacles are essential for octopus intelligence. The tentacles of octopuses help them explore the environment as well as smell, taste and even make decisions. While each tentacle can make its own decisions, they decide to work together, which is probably the best option.
They are communicative, playful and creative
Biologists have found that some octopuses communicate with each other through a language similar to morphing. People who have seen an octopus in real action know it can be incredibly creative.
Octopus can build their own hiding place, solve problems in a creative way, bypass obstacles, open boxes, hunt and even show similar behavior as humans.
If they feel threatened or uncomfortable, octopuses create a flow of water against their attacker. They get maniacs, form mindsets, own favorite toys, and also less liked toys that they then destroy. They can misbehave and form loving bonds as well as feel anger towards others.
In short, learning about octopus intelligence can help you understand your own consciousness.