What Is A Hoarding Disorder?

What is a hoarding disorder?

You may have ever heard of Diogene Syndrome. People who suffer from it are characterized by being socially isolated, frozen in their homeland, and neglecting themselves. It has been shown that hoarding disorder could be mistaken for Diogene syndrome.

However, that is not the same thing. The biggest difference is that a person with Diogenic syndrome does more than just collect useless items. He also collects rubbish and rubbish, and his self-neglect is very extreme.

It is difficult for a person with a hoarding disorder to abandon or let go of their property. The actual value of the property in question does not matter. They can be objects that have only a small economic significance or emotional value.

The difficulty of getting rid of these things can be evident in different situations, such as when trying to sell, reject, give as a gift, or recycle. The reason is claimed to be the aesthetic value or benefit of the objects. It can also be an emotional affection or “what if?” and “just in case” situations.

Such people buy a new computer but don’t get rid of the old one, just in case the new one even happens to break down. When the next update comes, they will still keep the previous model in case two new ones don’t work. And so on…

Some people feel responsible for where their stuff ends up. They usually do everything they can to avoid being wasteful. In addition, hoarders are often afraid of losing some important information.

hoarding disorder: lots of books

How is a hunting disorder defined?

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) lists a series of diagnostic criteria for hoarding disorder:

A. The continuing difficulty of getting rid of or abandoning property, regardless of its true value.

B.  This difficulty is due to the person’s need to hold objects and the discomfort they feel when they disappear.

C. The difficulty of getting rid of objects leads to hoarding of things, which congest living spaces and greatly change their intended use. If the living quarters are empty, it is only due to outside intervention (e.g. family members, cleaners, authorities).

D. Hoarding causes clinically significant discomfort or impairs an individual’s life. It includes a person’s social life, work, and maintaining a safe environment for themselves and others.

E. No other disease can explain it (e.g., brain injury, cerebrovascular accident, or Prader-Willi syndrome).

F. Hamstring is not due to symptoms of any other mental illness. For example, obsessive-compulsive disorder, decreased energy caused by most depressive disorders, delusions of schizophrenia or other psychotic illnesses, cognitive deficit in most neurocognitive disorders, lack of interest in autism, and so on.

A home full of useless things

The items that people usually hoard are newspapers, magazines, old clothes, bags, books, electronic equipment and stationery… Basically anything that can be owned.  It’s not just an asset that most people would define as useless or worthless. Many people collect and store very valuable things. These items can often be found among other, worthless items.

hoarding disorder: too much clothes

People with hoarding disorder voluntarily accumulate their wealth. They become sad at the thought that they have to throw objects away. Hoarding and collecting is therefore intentional.

This feature distinguishes hoarding from other psychological illnesses. Other illnesses include passive collection of objects or removal of anxiety when getting rid of them. That way they are different.

People who collect a lot of objects end up cramming and messing up their homes, making it hard to live there. For example, they may not be able to put food in the kitchen, sleep in their bed, or sit in a living room chair.

Difficulty using some living spaces

When living space is available, it is often very difficult to do so. A mess is often built up of a large and often unnecessary amount of goods. They may also be loosely necessary, stacked together in an unsystematic manner in spaces intended for other uses.

As we found with respect to diagnostic criteria, point C affects the living space of the home, not the surrounding areas such as the garage, attic, or basement. These conditions can also be cluttered in the homes of people who do not suffer from hoarding disorder.

Hoarders often own things that take up their active living space and may prevent the use of other spaces, such as a vehicle, workplace, or the homes of friends and family members.

hoarding disorder: a messy home

In some cases, living quarters may not look messy because family members, professional cleaners, or local authorities have intervened. In such cases , however, people may still experience symptoms that meet diagnostic criteria because they were not cleaners.

Hoarding disorder differs from normal gathering behavior, which has a certain systematic order. Collectors do not cause clutter or feel grief over the loss of an item.

As you can see, hoarding disorder consists of collecting items that may or may not be useful. The severity of this disorder increases over time and often becomes chronic, especially without intervention.

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